P.M.#8: The one you can thank when you do your income taxes this month
What could be more Canadian than watching a hockey game while you write a blog post about the Prime Minister who led Canada through the First World War?
|Name||Sir Robert Laird Borden|
|Born:||June 26, 1854 in Grand Pre, Nova Scotia|
|Died:||June 10, 1937|
|Held Office:||October 10, 1911 – July 10, 1920|
|Best known for:||– led Canada through WWI, and introduced the War Measures Act1 in 1914-introduced Income Tax as a “temporary measure”2-believing that Canada had earned its stripes as a nation on the battlefields of WWI, he demanded (and got) a seat for Canada at the Paris Peace Conference, the right to sign the Treaty of Versailles and membership in the League of Nations
-his face is on the Canadian $100 bill
|Some Things I Didn’t Know About This P.M.||-he was the last Canadian P.M. born before Confederation-he was the last Canadian P.M. to be knighted-he was a Freemason
-for the election of 1917, he create the “Unionist” party, which was essentially some Conservatives and some Liberals who supported conscription (i.e., a military draft)
-between 1914 & 1917, 8500+ Eastern Europeans were interned in concentration camps in Canada. So not cool.
-the National Research Council of Canada was created during his first term3
If you are just dying to read more about the last of the Sirs, check out these links:
Image credits: From from the Library and Archives Canada, copyright is expired.
1I remember learning about the War Measures Act in high school history class when we learned about the October Crisis.
2I joke about Income Tax but, honestly, I’m perfectly happy to pay it. In exchange, I get health care, education, and all sorts of other nifty things.
3As a researcher, I’m partial to this kind of thing.
4The Office of the Prime Minister site has very little information on each P.M. Also, I hate going to that site because I have to look at the ugly mug of the current P.M.